A new Natural History Study (NHS) for MLD was launched a few weeks ago. We have taken the bold step of recommending that families NOT participate in this study … for now:
It is our belief that all natural history studies be OPEN access, meaning the study data be maximized by being made available to other researchers from other academic institutions and companies, and be as collaborative as possible. Properly designed studies will protect your privacy while maximizing the use of your data to facilitate longevity in MLD research.In our opinion this new NHS does not adequately meet this criteria. We are (February 2014) in discussions with the study sponsors to address these concerns.from http://mldfoundation.org/research-natural-history.html (see the detailed explanation near the bottom of this page)
- OPEN collaborative Natural History Studies … meaning that the study is designed collaboratively and all of the the collected RAW data is made available openly to all future researchers.
- MLD natural history studies are invasive and painful for the child who participates (nerve conduction and Lumbar Puncture/Spinal Taps). They also require a commitment that significant time and energy be put forth by families to make the repeat their visits to the study center knowing that they will not be receiving any therapy clinical trial access, i.e. they are giving to hopefully help the next generation of patients, not their own children.
- Today, the current practice is one company designs their own NHS, collects and silos the raw data, uses the data for their application with the FDA, and then publishes the highlights. Since only the summary data is published, the next company has to start from scratch with their own new study, engaging & testing more patients, etc. That requires twice as many patients, twice as much patient sacrifice, twice as much cost, and perhaps twice as much time. We don’t have a large enough community or enough time to double and triple dip – in fact, yesterday we lost another MLD patient, the 9th we know of this year.
- The results from natural history studies are necessary for a new FDA/EMA therapy approval applications,however, these patients are untreated so their data is independent of any particular therapy. Hence a NHS, just like developing a newborn screen, is a matter of common concern, not competitive advantage.
- We are asking that Natural History Studies be collaboratively designed, collaboratively implemented, and all RAW data (not just the published summaries) be available for any researcher to access for any future study. This collaborative approach will likely involve cost sharing as well so it’s complicated to set up but this approach allows us to gather the data as efficiently and as quickly as possible – while optimizing the “use” of the patient community.
- Give back to the patients/families with each NHS study visit … give the families information to take home after each visit to help them improve quality of life for their loved ones.
- The NHS study centers have experts in gathering the NHS data, however, while they may understand lysosomal disease or leukodystrophies in general, they are generally not currently providing any direct MLD clinical feedback to the patients.
- We already have a model for this in our community, the NDRD in Pittsburgh. In fact, families visit and re-visit the NDRD from literally across the country for the clinical expertise and are then recruited into the natural history studies. The NDRD has become a source of expertise and clinical support for many similar rare diseases. They give clinical recommendations to the family to improve day to day quality of life and also become a medical resource for the local treating care team in the family’s home town.
- We are asking that each study center be equipped to be a Center of Excellence for MLD where they can, and do, provide clinical expertise with each visit in addition to gathering the specific NHS data. This approach, as has been demonstrated by the NDRD, is a model that works for research and the families.
- We are working to develop a Standard of Care for MLD to further support these clinical Center of Excellence goals and the local treating physicians when they go back home.
MLD Foundation http://MLDfoundation.org